The Extra Holy Days

The Extra Holy Days

(Note: this article follows on from our main study - Start Here)

 

Intro: So why were there two extra Holy Days added in the books of Leviticus and Numbers for Israel to celebrate? …..???

 

At this point a controversial subject arises. It has been shown that God has given his people Holy Days to use in the worship of Him. It was shown in the book of Exodus three seasons were allocated for Holy Days. Ex.23:14 says: “Three times……ULB, HARVEST & Ingathering.” These days were integral with the OLD COVENANT given at Mt. Sinai and consecrated with blood of animals by the young men. Once consecrated with blood, nothing could be added or taken away. (Deut 4:2 & Deut 14:32)

 

Now after the priesthood was established in the next year (Lev.8:1 and Lev 40:17) two extra Holy Days are added to the religious order of celebrations. Looking at Lev 16:1-29 and Lev 23:23, it is clear that God included two extra days for the Israelites to celebrate. They are reiterated in Numbers 29:1 & 7. What could the meaning of the addition of these two days represent and to whom do they apply? We need proof from scripture here, not tradition or speculation from other sources.

 

The giving of the law and commandments at Mt. Sinai  was the culmination of a momentous day. The mountain quaked, fire went up and smoke shrouded the area. The sound of blowing made the people tremble as thunder and lightning added to the event. The time this happened was mentioned in Ex19: 1, “on the third moon…..” So the nation was only three months established when this happened. When the day of Trumpets (‘blowing’ Strong’s 8643 ‘sounded like trumpets’) was recorded, it was AFTER the Tabernacle tent was erected and the priesthood instigated!

 

So what was it instigated for? Well obviously God had given the Israelites a memorable day to celebrate the giving of the OLD COVENANT just like we have a memorial day to remember an important event in our nation’s history.

 

The following helps to explain the day and why it was important to them.

 

THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS

 

What is the meaning of the Feast of Trumpets, and who should observe it? Most booklets on this subject explain that this day represents the return of Jesus Christ at the end times. The opening paragraph almost always says, this is the day when we look forward to a time when Christ returns and sets up the kingdom of God on earth. The next sentence usually refers to Leviticus 23 where it says it is a memorial of blowing of trumpets. Numbers 29:1 also mentions it but only says they were to blow trumpets. There is no evidence which points to Christ returning in either scripture only blowing of trumpets. How can a doctrine be established on this evidence or lack of it?

 

Rather than create a meaning to suit a doctrine or idea just because the word trumpet appears, we should get the facts from the Bible itself. It is important to know what the scriptures say in this regard. The meaning of the Hebrew number for ‘blowing of trumpets is’ 8643 ‘teer-oo-aw’ and it means clamour, that is, acclamation, a holy convocation.

 

In Numbers 29:1 it says it is a “day of blowing of trumpets to you”. This word 8643 comes from the Hebrew word ‘ruwa’ (7321) and means ‘to mar, to split the ears (with sound), i.e. to shout, blow an alarm, cry aloud’. Doesn’t include anything to do with a warlike situation, rather a preparation for an announcement.

 

When it says, “a memorial of blowing of trumpets” what does it mean? According to all the booklets (produced by the Churches of God), straightaway they look to the future when Christ returns, but consider the word ‘memorial’. Why look forward instead of looking back, as a memorial does?

 

Let’s look at an example we are all familiar with. In Australia we have a solemn observance, it’s called ANZAC DAY. Using Biblical language, let’s apply this example to Lev. 23. “On the fourth Month, [April] on the 25th day of the Month we shall have a solemn observance. It a memorial of a landing on a beach in Gallipoli in Turkey. There will be a solemn ceremony at all cenotaphs in Australia and New Zealand”. All will be observing ANZAC DAY. This is a very solemn day and to arrive at the meaning of it, all we have to do is look back through military and national history and we can easily find the tragic beach landing in world war one, in Turkey that will be hard to forget.

 

Now let’s look at Leviticus 23, there we have God telling his people to observe a day which is an event which happened in their short history as a nation. Can we find an event in the three months from Egypt that could fit the category of blowing of trumpets (‘clamour, noise, ear splitting sound’) as explained? It is, of course, the day mentioned in Lev 23: 23 – the Day of Trumpets!

 

This Holy Day was to be kept as long as God had a covenant with his chosen people. The story of their infidelity and subsequent divorce is recorded in scripture. But there was a new and better covenant coming. The book of Hebrews tells us that “by so much was Jesus made a surety of a better covenant “ Heb. 7:22 and Heb. 8:13 “In that he said, a new covenant, he had made the first old. Now that which decayed and waxen old is ready to vanish away.”

 

Now this is where the question must be asked, if the day of Trumpets is a memorial to the making of the OLD COVENANT, to be observed by the participants of that covenant, and the New Testament Christians are under a new Covenant then what is the meaning for us today and why should we observe this day with a new and different meaning? There is no new biblical meaning!

 

Remember, the OLD COVENANT had sacrifices and a day to cover sins annually (Lev.16) so why designate it as the return of Christ and warfare? Just because the word trumpet (and wrongly described) is mentioned, it doesn’t have to refer to Christ’s return. To compare Lev 23: 23 to warfare is incorrect. The Bible clearly explains this day.

 

Most Churches who produce Holy Day booklets do not have a New Testament scripture when they are comparing holy day observance on The Day of Trumpets. That’s because all of the apostles and elders were teaching the NEW COVENANT as taught by Paul, received from Jesus personally.

 

As there are Jewish congregations worldwide it is correct to say that they can keep the DAY OF TRUMPETS while they are under the OLD COVENANT, because they are still in that state of belief, blinded to the fact that the Messiah has come, and they are still waiting for the return. But it seems evident that they don’t observe this day as the giving and the making of the OLD COVENANT either as the Bible shows, but as a day to celebrate the New Year, (Rosh Hashanah) and blow trumpets, whilst adding 10 days of awe, which isn’t Biblical.

 

Observing the day as the return of Christ is inaccurate as there is no future event mentioned in the two scriptures in Lev.23:23 and Num:28.1-7 and it cannot be regarded as a Holy Day today, as it was not included in the Holy Days of Ex.23:14 (not ratified with blood with the rest of the OLD COVENANT) or in the New Covenant in Deuteronomy. (See our main study ‘Secret of the Covenants - Start Here‘) The meaning of the day was a day given to God’s people, at that time, to celebrate the giving of the OLD COVENANT, likened to a Remembrance Day we observe as a national day.

 

DAY OF ATONEMENT

 

Now we must address the other issue which arises; The Day of Atonement was also instigated while Israel was in the wilderness at the same time the Day of Trumpets was added to the Holy Day list. (Lev. 23:1-23 & Num.29:1)

 

Israel had exited from Egypt and was camped at Mt. Sinai in the third month. Whilst Moses spent 40 days on the mountain receiving the Ten Commandments and Ordinances, the people became restless and the golden calf incident occurred. God had already known the people were not perfect or sinless even after the incredible miracles they had witnessed so he created a way to atone (cover) them of their sins.

 

So, once a year, they were required to observe the DAY of ATONEMENT. As stated previously, atonement means covering, (for example Noah ‘atoned’ the ark with pitch or asphalt to make it waterproof. Gen.6:14) and this was the method God would instigate for the people so that their sins could be forgiven, albeit temporarily for one year.

 

The procedure was a series of sacrifices representing the cleansing of the high priest, his family, the temple and the congregation. See the  'Leviticus 16 Chart' (a verse by verse map of  the sacrificial ceremony)... The people were able to go to the tabernacle once a year and their sins were covered (Strong’s 3722) and this was forever as long as they were a nation under God’s guidance and obeying His laws, (which they didn’t). Because this day was an extra Holy Day given to the congregation in the wilderness, it had a special meaning for them and still does to this day for the Jews of the OLD COVENANT. Remember, it was not part of the ratified covenant at Sinai and nothing can be added or taken away (Deut 4: 2 & Deut 12: 32)

 

So, what can the meaning be for us today as Christians? Well, while the Israelites were covered for one year, it was a temporary fix for a serious problem. Not so with our merciful God, he offers us a permanent fix, which is forgiveness of sin through accepting Christ as our saviour. The death of Jesus Christ was the ultimate sacrifice for ALL mankind and it only had to occur once and for all! (Heb.9 :26)

 

Therefore the meaning of the DAY of ATONEMENT is clearly shown. It was a day Israel had to celebrate, with fasting, and their sins were covered for one year. For Christians, our sins are forgiven the day we were baptized and our covenant renewed at Passover each year when we recommit our lives to follow Jesus Christ until his return, (1 Thess:16-18). But those who continue observing the Day of Atonement each year shows that they are continually looking for the day when Christ will abolish sin forever. But he did that 2000 years ago!!

 

Hopefully, the explanation of how these two added holy days were part of the Israelite religious system and clearly defined as such and are not part of our Christian walk. We are warned in all four Gospels about putting new wine in old wine skins, (Matt 9: 17, Mark 2: 22, Luke 5: 37)  as in adding OLD Testament practices to NEW Testament directions. You can’t mix old with new! 

 

The OLD COVENANT is still applicable to those who are under it, but the SECRET OF THE NEW COVENANT reveals that the OLD is fading, and one with better promises is replacing it.

 

Go to: Main Study - Start Here

Leviticus 16 Chart

This easy to read chart shows all the events which occurred at the Tabernacle on the Day of Atonement.

Follow the sequence of events as per the boxes and the accompanying scriptures to reveal the meaning of the ceremony.

Lev 16 Atonement Ceremony Chart

In this chart it is given in stages: cleansing of sin for the high priest; his household; the temple/tabernacle; the congregation; Jesus Christ's death; then in the future the rest of mankind.

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In the book of Leviticus 16 we are shown a strange ceremony that was given to the people (after the Exodus) not long after the Covenant was given on Mt Sinai (Exod 24:4-8).

 

Exodus reveals that the Old Covenant was made with the people of Israel 3 months out of Egypt.

 

The Tabernacle was erected on the 1st day of the 1st month of the SECOND year (Exod 40:17). The departure from Mt Sinai to Paran was on the 20th day of the second month of the second year (Num 10:11) So the ceremony for the Day of Atonement was established during this period.

 

The chart above shows the procedure the High Priest followed and the relevant scriptures in the Bible.

 

This day was given to God’s people to observe once a year so that they could be cleansed of their sins, by means of covering them. They were not forgiven permanently, only covered.

 

This ceremony was performed yearly and added to the Holy Day list in Leviticus 23:26 and Numbers 29:7.

 

Note the meaning of the words Atonement (Strong’s 3722) meaning ‘covering’, and ‘Azazel’ (Strong’s 5799) “Goat of Departure”.

 

Azazel is the “Goat of Departure” – we need to show what happens when this goat departs to the wilderness – by looking at the chart you will notice that goat ‘B’ or goat ‘2’ avoids the cleansing and coverings of the high priest and people, so it seems, that it misses out on its cleansing and forgiveness of sins!

 

Goat ‘B’ which is sent into the wilderness represents those that aren’t there, but those of future generations and all of humanity. (Rom 11:15, 2 Pet 3:9)

 

Being sent into the wilderness it only receives Aaron’s confession of sins but will at some point in the future receive the promise of redemption by the sacrifice of the real Lamb of God – Jesus Christ! But until then, like many that haven’t received Christ yet, is wondering in the wilderness.

 

The analogy for Christians is apparent. In our main study 'Secret of the Covenants' (Start Here) we have a pattern which emerges with the same theme - God's plan offering salvation to all.

 

See also 'The Extra Holy Days'

Go to: Main Study - Start Here

Teachings of Christ from Deuteronomy – Part 2

The Teachings of Christ from the *Covenant in Deuteronomy - Part 2

 

When we refer to the teachings of Christ we are referring to the direct teachings that Christ Himself spoke, as well as His teachings reflected by those He taught - that is, His Disciples.

 

Most Bibles have references in their margins, referring to Christ's teachings, that can be tracked back, in most cases, to the Book of Deuteronomy.

 

The following is Part 2 of a three part series of charts, with references from the *Covenant in Deuteronomy with corresponding teachings of Christ. 

 

Note: this is not a comprehensive list and is being continually updated. (all references from the RSV Bible unless otherwise stated)

 

*(For more information on the Covenant in Deuteronomy please go to our main study - Welcome to our Study: Start Here)

Part 2: Statutes Governing Worship and a Holy Life:

 

Deuteronomy Chapters 12 -16

 

Deut 12:1 These are the statutes and ordinances that you must diligently observe in the land that the Lord, ... has given you to occupy all the days that you live …

 

  • John 14:15 (Jesus) “If you love me, keep my commandments”

 

Deut 12:2-3 You must demolish completely all the places where the nations whom you are about to dispossess served their gods ...Break down their altars, smash their pillars…

 

  • 1 Cor 10:14 (Paul) ... flee from the worship of idols.

 

Deut 12: 5-18 But you shall seek the place that the Lord your God will choose ... You shall go there, bringing your burnt offerings…

 

  • John 4:20-23 (Jesus talking to the Women at the well) ... V23 when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, John 7: 2, 10, 14, 37 Jesus goes to the Feast

 

Deut 12: 9 Take care you do not neglect the Levite as long as you live in your land.

 

  • 1 Cor 9:14 (Paul refers to those who serve in the temple) ... the Lord commanded that those who proclaim the Gospel should get their living by the gospel. Also 2 Cor 11:8-9

 

Deut 12:28 ... obey all these words so that it may go well with you and your children forever, because you will be doing what is good and right in the sight of the Lord

 

  • Ephes 6: 1-3 Children, obey your parents in the Lord for this is right...so that it may be well with you…

 

Deut 12:30 Take heed that you do not ensnare to follow them, ... and that you do not inquire about their gods, saying ‘How did these nations serve their gods? - that I may do likewise.’

 

  • Rom 1:20-23 ...they exchanged God, for images resembling a man, birds, animals

 

Deut 13:1-2 If a prophet arises among you,... and gives you a sign or a wonder ... and if he says, ‘Let us go after other gods’... you shall not listen to the words of that prophet... 

 

  • Matt 24:23-24 (V24) false messiahs and false prophets will appear, to lead astray... 

 

Deut 14:1-2 You must not cut yourselves or shave your foreheads for the dead, for you are a people holy to the Lord your God …

 

  • 1 Cor 6:9-10 ... the unrighteous will not inherit the Kingdom of God ... neither the immoral, nor idolaters, nor ... will inherit the Kingdom of God Also 1 Pet 2:9

 

Deut 14:3-21 You shall not eat any abominable thing. These are the animal you may eat: the ox, the sheep ... Animal that divide the hoof and chew the cud…

 

  • Acts 10:14 (Peter) “No Lord, for I have never eaten anything that is common or unclean” Also Acts 11:8 

 

Deut 14:22-26 “You shall tithe all the yield of your seed, which comes forth from the field year by year, in the place which He will choose, ... you shall eat the tithe…

 

  • John 7:2, 10, 14 & 37 (V2) festival of booths was near ... (V10) after his brothers had gone to the festival, then he also went...(V37) the last day of the Feast, ... Jesus stood up…

 

Deut 14:28 At the end of every three years you shall bring forth all the tithe of your produce in the same year... the Levite, the widow, shall eat and be filled …

 

  • Acts 4:32-37 (a similar concept of providing and sharing so everyone had according to their needs)

 

Deut 15:1  At the end of every seven years you shall grant a release,...every creditor shall release what he has lent ...because the Lord’s release has been proclaimed

 

  • Luke 4:18-19 “... he has anointed me to proclaim release to the captives and recovering of sight ...liberty...the acceptable year of the Lord (commonly known as Year of Jubilee)

 

Deut 15:7 If there is among you a poor man...(V10) You shall give to him freely

 

  • Rom 15:25 - 27  At present, however, I am going to Jerusalem with aid for the saints.  For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make some contribution for the poor among the saints at Jerusalem; they were pleased to do it, and indeed they are in debt to them, for if the Gentiles have come to share in their spiritual blessings, they ought also to be of service to them in material blessings., Also Luke 19:8, Gal 2:10, 2 Cor 9:8-9

 

Deut 15:12 ... he shall serve you 6 years, and in the seventh year you shall let him go free from you…

 

  • (-)

 

Deut 15:19  All the firstling males that are born of your herds...you shall consecrate to the Lord…

 

  • There is a New Covenant parallel for this verse as Jesus Christ was the sacrifice on which all would be saved. John 3:16-17 The sacrifice is that He was God’s only son and became flesh, John 1:14 and Phill 2: 5-8, He was without sin, Heb 4: 25 and 1 John 3: 5, therefore the firstborn of the dead is Christ, 1 Cor 15:23, also He was sinless - fitting the description of the first born male of the flock which was to be sacrificed.

 

Deut 16:1-8  ... keep the Passover to the Lord, for six days you shall eat unleavened bread, on the seventh day there shall be a solemn assembly to the Lord

 

  • Luke 22:1,7  Now the Feast of Unleavened bread drew near, which is called the Passover. Also Matt 26:19, Luke 2:41

 

Deut 16:9 You shall count seven weeks ... feast of weeks (Pentecost) 

 

  • Acts 2:1 When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place…

 

Deut 16:13 You shall keep the feast of booths seven days

 

  • John 7:2, 7, 10, 14, & 37 Now the Jew’s Feast of Tabernacles was at hand, (V10) then he also went up, not publically but in private.

 

Deut 16:16 Three times a year all your males shall appear before the Lord ... which he will choose; at the Feast of ULB, Feast of Weeks, Feast of Booths (Tabernacles)

 

  • John 7:2, 10, 14 & 37 (V2) festival of booths was near ... (V10) after his brothers had gone to the festival, then he also went...(V37) the last day of the Feast, ... Jesus stood up…

 

  • John 2: 23 Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover feast, many believed in his name when they saw the signs which he did;

.  

Deut 16:18 You shall appoint judges and officers in all your towns, you shall not pervert justice...you shall not take a bribe..

 

  • The principle of this scripture is to be of good conduct and honest, especially those in positions of authority. The following scriptures from Hebrews, Ephesians and James reflect this - Heb 13:18  ‘Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things.’ Ephes 4:22 -32 and James 3:13-18

 

Deut 16:21-22 You shall not plant a tree as Asherah beside the altar of the Lord, ... you shall not set up a pillar, which the Lord your God hates.

 

  • 1Co 6:9  Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither the immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor sexual perverts, 

 

Go to: Teachings of Christ from Deuteronomy: Part 1 

 

Go to: Teachings of Christ from Deuteronomy: Part 3 

Teachings of Christ from Deuteronomy – Part 1

The Teachings of Christ from the *Covenant in Deuteronomy - Part 1

 

When we refer to the teachings of Christ we are referring to the direct teachings that Christ Himself spoke, as well as His teachings reflected by those He taught - that is, His Disciples.

 

Most Bibles have references in their margins, referring to Christ's teachings, that can be tracked back, in most cases, to the Book of Deuteronomy.

 

The following is Part 1 of a three part series of charts, with references from the *Covenant in Deuteronomy with corresponding teachings of Christ.

 

Note: this is not a comprehensive list and is being continually updated. (all references from the RSV Bible unless otherwise stated)

 

*(For more information on the Covenant in Deuteronomy please go to our main study - Welcome to our Study - Start Here)

 

Part 1: The Ten Commandments:

 

Deut 5:7-21  The Ten Commandments

 

  1. You shall have no other gods before me. -

 

  • Matt 4:10 Matthew writes: ‘Then Jesus said to him, "Begone, Satan! for it is written, 'You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve.”’ Also Luke 4:8

 

  • Christ teaches: Matt 6:9 ‘Pray then like this: Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.’

 

  1. You shall not make for yourself a graven image (Idols), or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them or serve them; ...

 

  • 1 Cor 6:9, Paul teaches: ‘Do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of God? ... Fornicators, idolaters, adulterers ... none of these will inherit the kingdom of God’.

 

  • 1 John 5:21 ‘Little children, keep yourselves from idols.’

 

  1. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain: for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.

 

  • Col 3:8, Paul teaches: ‘But now you must get rid of all such things - anger, wrath, malice, slander (blasphemy KJV), and abusive language from your mouth.’ (see also Rom 8:7)

 

  1. Observe the sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work; but the seventh day is a sabbath to the LORD your God; in it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, or your manservant, or your maidservant, or your ox, or your ass, or any of your cattle, or the sojourner who is within your gates, that your manservant and your maidservant may rest as well as you.

 

  • Acts 13:14 ‘... And on the Sabbath day they went into the synagogue and sat down... v16: So Paul stood up and with a gesture began to speak: ...’

 

  1. Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God commanded you; that your days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with you, in the land which the LORD your God gives you.

 

  • Ephes 6:1-2, Paul teaches: ‘Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. Honour your father and mother - this is the first commandment with a promise;’

 

  1. You shall not kill (murder).

 

  • Rom 1:29, Paul writes: ‘They were filled with every kind of wickedness, ... Full of envy, murder, strife, deceit ...’

 

  • Jesus teaches in Matt 5:21-22  "You have heard that it was said to the men of old, 'You shall not kill; and whoever kills shall be liable to judgment.' But I say to you that every one who is angry with his brother shall be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother shall be liable to the council, and whoever says, 'You fool!' shall be liable to the hell of fire.

 

  1. Neither shall you commit adultery.

 

  • Gal 5:19, Paul teaches: ‘Now the works of the flesh are obvious: fornication (adultery KJV), impurity, licentiousness, idolatry ... ‘

 

  • Jesus teaches: Matt 5:27-28  "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery.' But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

 

  1. Neither shall you steal.

 

  • Rom 13:9, Paul writes: ‘The commandments, ‘You shall not commit adultery; You shall not murder; You shall not steal; (bear false witness KJV), You shall not covert, ...’

 

  1. Neither shall you bear false witness against your neighbour.

 

  • Again - Rom 13:9 ‘The commandments, ‘You shall not commit adultery; You shall not murder; You shall not steal; (bear false witness KJV), You shall not covert, ...’

 

  1. Neither shall you covet your neighbor's wife; and you shall not desire your neighbor's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or anything that is your neighbor's.'

 

  • And again - Rom 13:9 ‘The commandments, ‘You shall not commit adultery; You shall not murder; You shall not steal; (bear false witness KJV), You shall not covert, ...’

 

 

Go to: Teachings of Christ from Deuteronomy: Part 2

Charts 8 & 9

These charts show the Statutes and Ordinances in Exodus and the Statutes and Ordinances in Deuteronomy, in a bit more detail than the previous charts, and to help illustrate the similarities we have highlighted the points that are the same in each book in green, and the points that are similar in both books we have highlighted in blue.

So you can see there are quite a few points that are different, which shows that the two covenants are not the same.

Exodus Covenant chart
Deuteronomy Covenant chart

Deuteronomy 5 – 26 (Chart 6)

Chart 6: Deuteronomy chapters 5 - 26 in detail. (We will be referring to this section of Deuteronomy in the main study.)

We have presented an overview of the events in the whole book of Deuteronomy in Chart 5, now we need to see where the Covenant, given at Moab is recorded.

It is important to note that the 10 Commandments are a part of this second Covenant - it also introduces this Covenant as it does the first.

Deuteronomy 5-26 Chart 6 Pt2

Deuteronomy Overview (Chart 5)

Book of Deuteronomy:

Deuteronomy is a book that once again talks about a covenant. It is at the end of Israel's wanderings. This Covenant, which includes the Ten Commandments, is delivered by Moses on the plains of Moab (Deut 29:1), forty years after the original Covenant was given by God at Mt Sinai.

This book also talks about the appointment of Joshua, conditions for blessings and cursings, and Moses' passing.

This book reveals some fascinating insights which will appear as the study progresses.

Deuteronomy Chart 5 Pt 1
Deuteronomy Chart 5 Pt2

Numbers Overview (Chart 4)

Book of Numbers:

The book of numbers charts the journey of the Israelites from Sinai to the promised land. Events recorded during their travels include - the mission of the spies; Korah's rebellion; various encounters with adjourning nations, and the Holy Days restated.

The final chapter finds the nation of Israel camped at the Jordan ready to enter the promised land having received boundaries from God.

Numbers overview chart 4 part 1
Numbers Overview Chart 4 part 2

Leviticus Overview (Chart 3)

The Book of Leviticus:

The setting is at Mt Sinai and the time is after the exodus from Egypt, just before starting the journey to the promised land, approx one year.

This book records the different offerings the Priests performed in the Tabernacle in the service to God. Also Aaron's priesthood is established and important rituals described, namely clean and unclean food, the Day of Atonement and Holy Days.

Other items of note are: Jubilee years, blessing and cursings, vows and tithes.

Overview Chart of Exodus Part 1
Overview Chart of Exodus Part 2